I AM A BOSTONIAN



Repeatedly, Bostonians were called upon to defeat the British so we could become our own country: AMERICA.... The USA.... free from the tyranny of England. Many events led up to the War of Independence. In 1764, Britain imposed the Sugar Act which taxed those colonists who had a "sweet tooth". In 1765, Britain imposed the Stamp Act on the colonists requiring them to pay a tax for every piece of paper used, such as legal documents, newspapers, licenses, etc. In 1767, the Townshend Act was imposed on land owners. British land owners did not have to pay as high a tax to England as did the Colonists. The Townshend Act also included import taxes.

Animosity continued to grow between Bostonians and the British. On March 5, 1770 a group of people taunted a British sentry who was guarding the Custom House. British troops opened fire on the group which resulted in several being wounded and five dying. This event became known as the "Boston Massacre". Paul Revere did an engraving depicting the scene.




The Tea Act forced colonists to only buy tea from the British East India Company. Who can forget the Boston Tea Party in 1773? Samuel Adams and his fellow protesters, dressed as Mohowk Indians, threw 342 crates of British tea overboard. The "Intolerable Acts" of 1774 were the results of the "Party". These "Acts" included mandatory housing of British troops in private homes and banning all town meetings. As further punishment, The British closed Boston Harbor because "The people of Boston were the most outspoken and violent in their reaction to taxes".

"No taxation without representation" became the rallying cry of Bostonians. The closing of Boston harbor was meant to cause economic disaster but instead it backfired and inflamed the other colonies who then chose to come to the aid of Boston.


In 1774, the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts voted to enroll 12,000 men as "Minute Men". They were volunteers who were expected to be ready for war in "one minute". In 1775, Britain declared Massachusetts to be the center of the most protests and thus placed British troops in Boston. An insult to a people wanting to be free.







There are three major holidays in Boston commemorating this struggle for freedom.



PATRIOTS DAY

The Revolutionary War is considered to have begun on April 19, 1775. In this battle was "the shot heard round the world". Paul Revere went on one of his famous horse back rides the night before (April 18, 1775) shouting,"The British are coming" "The British are coming". As the poem says, "Listen my children and you shall hear the midnight ride of Paul Revere.... Hang a lantern aloft in the belfry arch....One if by land and two if by sea...."




BUNKER HILL DAY

Happened on June 17, 1775.
From this critical Revolutionary War battle
came the saying:
"Don't fire until you see the white's of their eyes!" Bostonians fortified (Breed's) Bunker Hill overlooking Boston Harbor. In this battle the British lost one sixth of their troops.



This flag, known as The Bunker Hill Flag, was flown during the battle as a declaration of freedom from violation of liberties.



EVACUATION DAY

Celebrated on March 17th but historically the event happened on March 26, 1776. In 1775, Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys from Vermont captured Fort Ticonderoga in upstate New York and removed many weapons. A stolen British cannon from Fort Ticoneroga was hauled in the winter to Dorchester Heights. Here George Washington set up a fortification with heavy guns aimed at the British fleet forcing them to evacuate Boston thus, ending their occupation.





I am proud to be a Bostonian!




So....don't forget to THANK me and every other Bostonian you might meet on your journey through life. If you wish to give me a "thank you gift" .... that would sure be nice of you.


Perhaps you might even want to offer me a "spot of tea", if you please, with milk and one cube of sugar.













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